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Levin, Ellis R

Title(s)Professor In Residence, Medicine
Phone(562) 826-5748
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    Collapse Research 
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    Estrogen Receptor and Cardiovascular Function
    VA I01BX002316Apr 1, 2014 - Sep 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Estrogen Receptor and Cardiovascular Function
    VA I01BX000587Apr 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Non-genomic actions of estrogen in breast cancer
    NIH/NCI R01CA100366Apr 1, 2003 - May 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE INHIBITS VEGF SYNTHESIS AND ACTIONS
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL059890Aug 1, 1999 - Jul 31, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ASTROCYTE PROLIFERATION--A NOVEL PATHWAY
    NIH/NINDS R01NS030521Jan 1, 1995 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HYPERINSULINEMIA STIMULATES ENDOTHELIN PRODUCTION
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL050161May 1, 1993 - Apr 30, 1996
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Nanjappa MK, Mesa AM, Medrano TI, Jefferson WN, DeMayo FJ, Williams CJ, Lydon JP, Levin ER, Cooke PS. The histone methyltransferase EZH2 is required for normal uterine development and function in mice. Biol Reprod. 2019 Jun 14. PMID: 31201420.
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    2. Nanjappa MK, Medrano TI, Mesa AM, Ortega MT, Caldo PD, Mao J, Kinkade JA, Levin ER, Rosenfeld CS, Cooke PS. Mice lacking membrane estrogen receptor 1 are protected from reproductive pathologies resulting from developmental estrogen exposure. Biol Reprod. 2019 May 29. PMID: 31141131.
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    3. Hammes SR, Levin ER. Impact of estrogens in males and androgens in females. J Clin Invest. 2019 May 01; 129(5):1818-1826. PMID: 31042159.
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    4. Allard C, Bonnet F, Xu B, Coons L, Albarado D, Hill C, Fagherazzi G, Korach KS, Levin ER, Lefante J, Morrison C, Mauvais-Jarvis F. Activation of hepatic estrogen receptor-a increases energy expenditure by stimulating the production of fibroblast growth factor 21 in female mice. Mol Metab. 2019 Apr; 22:62-70. PMID: 30797705.
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    5. Farman HH, Gustafsson KL, Henning P, Grahnemo L, Lionikaite V, Movérare-Skrtic S, Wu J, Ryberg H, Koskela A, Tuukkanen J, Levin ER, Ohlsson C, Lagerquist MK. Membrane estrogen receptor a is essential for estrogen signaling in the male skeleton. J Endocrinol. 2018 Dec 01; 239(3):303-312. PMID: 30400010.
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    6. Allard C, Morford JJ, Xu B, Salwen B, Xu W, Desmoulins L, Zsombok A, Kim JK, Levin ER, Mauvais-Jarvis F. Loss of Nuclear and Membrane Estrogen Receptor-a Differentially Impairs Insulin Secretion and Action in Male and Female Mice. Diabetes. 2019 Mar; 68(3):490-501. PMID: 30305367.
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    7. Xu B, Allard C, Alvarez-Mercado AI, Fuselier T, Kim JH, Coons LA, Hewitt SC, Urano F, Korach KS, Levin ER, Arvan P, Floyd ZE, Mauvais-Jarvis F. Estrogens Promote Misfolded Proinsulin Degradation to Protect Insulin Production and Delay Diabetes. Cell Rep. 2018 Jul 03; 24(1):181-196. PMID: 29972779.
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    8. Levin ER. Membrane estrogen receptors signal to determine transcription factor function. Steroids. 2018 04; 132:1-4. PMID: 29155215.
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    9. Hoa N, Ge L, Korach KS, Levin ER. Estrogen receptor beta maintains expression of KLF15 to prevent cardiac myocyte hypertrophy in female rodents. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2018 07 15; 470:240-250. PMID: 29127073.
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    10. Levin ER, Hammes SR. Nuclear receptors outside the nucleus: extranuclear signalling by steroid receptors. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2016 12; 17(12):783-797. PMID: 27729652.
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    11. Gustafsson KL, Farman H, Henning P, Lionikaite V, Movérare-Skrtic S, Wu J, Ryberg H, Koskela A, Gustafsson JÅ, Tuukkanen J, Levin ER, Ohlsson C, Lagerquist MK. The role of membrane ERa signaling in bone and other major estrogen responsive tissues. Sci Rep. 2016 07 08; 6:29473. PMID: 27388455.
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    12. Pedram A, Razandi M, Narayanan R, Levin ER. Estrogen receptor beta signals to inhibition of cardiac fibrosis. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2016 10 15; 434:57-68. PMID: 27321970.
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    13. Nanjappa MK, Hess RA, Medrano TI, Locker SH, Levin ER, Cooke PS. Membrane-Localized Estrogen Receptor 1 Is Required for Normal Male Reproductive Development and Function in Mice. Endocrinology. 2016 07; 157(7):2909-19. PMID: 27145009.
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    14. Maric-Bilkan C, Arnold AP, Taylor DA, Dwinell M, Howlett SE, Wenger N, Reckelhoff JF, Sandberg K, Churchill G, Levin E, Lundberg MS. Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Working Group on Sex Differences Research in Cardiovascular Disease: Scientific Questions and Challenges. Hypertension. 2016 May; 67(5):802-7. PMID: 26975706.
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    15. Pedram A, Razandi M, Blumberg B, Levin ER. Membrane and nuclear estrogen receptor a collaborate to suppress adipogenesis but not triglyceride content. FASEB J. 2016 Jan; 30(1):230-40. PMID: 26373802.
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    16. Levin ER. Extranuclear steroid receptors are essential for steroid hormone actions. Annu Rev Med. 2015; 66:271-80. PMID: 25587652.
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    17. Levin ER. Extranuclear estrogen receptor's roles in physiology: lessons from mouse models. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Jul 15; 307(2):E133-40. PMID: 24895281.
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    18. Pedram A, Razandi M, Lewis M, Hammes S, Levin ER. Membrane-localized estrogen receptor a is required for normal organ development and function. Dev Cell. 2014 May 27; 29(4):482-90. PMID: 24871949.
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    19. Levin ER. Translating extranuclear steroid receptor signaling to clinical medicine. Horm Cancer. 2014 Jun; 5(3):140-5. PMID: 24752388.
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    20. Pedram A, Razandi M, Narayanan R, Dalton JT, McKinsey TA, Levin ER. Estrogen regulates histone deacetylases to prevent cardiac hypertrophy. Mol Biol Cell. 2013 Dec; 24(24):3805-18. PMID: 24152730.
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    21. Cho SK, Pedram A, Levin ER, Kwon YJ. Acid-degradable core-shell nanoparticles for reversed tamoxifen-resistance in breast cancer by silencing manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD). Biomaterials. 2013 Dec; 34(38):10228-37. PMID: 24055523.
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    22. Pedram A, Razandi M, Korach KS, Narayanan R, Dalton JT, Levin ER. ERß selective agonist inhibits angiotensin-induced cardiovascular pathology in female mice. Endocrinology. 2013 Nov; 154(11):4352-64. PMID: 23970786.
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    23. Pedram A, Razandi M, O'Mahony F, Harvey H, Harvey BJ, Levin ER. Estrogen reduces lipid content in the liver exclusively from membrane receptor signaling. Sci Signal. 2013 May 21; 6(276):ra36. PMID: 23695162.
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    24. O'Mahony F, Razandi M, Pedram A, Harvey BJ, Levin ER. Estrogen modulates metabolic pathway adaptation to available glucose in breast cancer cells. Mol Endocrinol. 2012 Dec; 26(12):2058-70. PMID: 23028062.
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    25. Razandi M, Pedram A, Jordan VC, Fuqua S, Levin ER. Tamoxifen regulates cell fate through mitochondrial estrogen receptor beta in breast cancer. Oncogene. 2013 Jul 04; 32(27):3274-85. PMID: 22907432.
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    26. Simpkins F, Hevia-Paez P, Sun J, Ullmer W, Gilbert CA, da Silva T, Pedram A, Levin ER, Reis IM, Rabinovich B, Azzam D, Xu XX, Ince TA, Yang JY, Verhaak RG, Lu Y, Mills GB, Slingerland JM. Src Inhibition with saracatinib reverses fulvestrant resistance in ER-positive ovarian cancer models in vitro and in vivo. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Nov 01; 18(21):5911-23. PMID: 22896656.
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    27. Levin ER. Elusive extranuclear estrogen receptors in breast cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Jan 01; 18(1):6-8. PMID: 22215901.
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    28. Pedram A, Razandi M, Deschenes RJ, Levin ER. DHHC-7 and -21 are palmitoylacyltransferases for sex steroid receptors. Mol Biol Cell. 2012 Jan; 23(1):188-99. PMID: 22031296.
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    29. Hammes SR, Levin ER. Minireview: Recent advances in extranuclear steroid receptor actions. Endocrinology. 2011 Dec; 152(12):4489-95. PMID: 22028449.
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    30. Levin ER. Minireview: Extranuclear steroid receptors: roles in modulation of cell functions. Mol Endocrinol. 2011 Mar; 25(3):377-84. PMID: 20861220.
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    31. Pedram A, Razandi M, O'Mahony F, Lubahn D, Levin ER. Estrogen receptor-beta prevents cardiac fibrosis. Mol Endocrinol. 2010 Nov; 24(11):2152-65. PMID: 20810711.
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    32. Razandi M, Pedram A, Levin ER. Heat shock protein 27 is required for sex steroid receptor trafficking to and functioning at the plasma membrane. Mol Cell Biol. 2010 Jul; 30(13):3249-61. PMID: 20439495.
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    33. Levin ER. Plasma membrane estrogen receptors. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Dec; 20(10):477-82. PMID: 19783454.
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    34. Levin ER. Membrane oestrogen receptor alpha signalling to cell functions. J Physiol. 2009 Nov 01; 587(Pt 21):5019-23. PMID: 19687123.
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    35. Pedram A, Razandi M, Evinger AJ, Lee E, Levin ER. Estrogen inhibits ATR signaling to cell cycle checkpoints and DNA repair. Mol Biol Cell. 2009 Jul; 20(14):3374-89. PMID: 19477925.
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    36. Levin ER. G protein-coupled receptor 30: estrogen receptor or collaborator? Endocrinology. 2009 Apr; 150(4):1563-5. PMID: 19307418.
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    37. Levin ER. Hormone action and breast cancer. Cancer Treat Res. 2009; 147:1-10. PMID: 21461829.
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    38. Pedram A, Razandi M, Kim JK, O'Mahony F, Lee EY, Luderer U, Levin ER. Developmental phenotype of a membrane only estrogen receptor alpha (MOER) mouse. J Biol Chem. 2009 Feb 06; 284(6):3488-95. PMID: 19054762.
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    39. Levin ER. Rapid signaling by steroid receptors. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2008 Nov; 295(5):R1425-30. PMID: 18784332.
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    40. Pedram A, Razandi M, Lubahn D, Liu J, Vannan M, Levin ER. Estrogen inhibits cardiac hypertrophy: role of estrogen receptor-beta to inhibit calcineurin. Endocrinology. 2008 Jul; 149(7):3361-9. PMID: 18372323.
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    41. Hammes SR, Levin ER. Extranuclear steroid receptors: nature and actions. Endocr Rev. 2007 Dec; 28(7):726-41. PMID: 17916740.
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    42. Levin ER, Pietras RJ. Estrogen receptors outside the nucleus in breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2008 Apr; 108(3):351-61. PMID: 17592774.
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    43. Pedram A, Razandi M, Sainson RC, Kim JK, Hughes CC, Levin ER. A conserved mechanism for steroid receptor translocation to the plasma membrane. J Biol Chem. 2007 Aug 03; 282(31):22278-88. PMID: 17535799.
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    44. Kim JK, Levin ER. Estrogen signaling in the cardiovascular system. Nucl Recept Signal. 2006; 4:e013. PMID: 16862219.
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    45. Pedram A, Razandi M, Levin ER. Nature of functional estrogen receptors at the plasma membrane. Mol Endocrinol. 2006 Sep; 20(9):1996-2009. PMID: 16645038.
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    46. Pedram A, Razandi M, Wallace DC, Levin ER. Functional estrogen receptors in the mitochondria of breast cancer cells. Mol Biol Cell. 2006 May; 17(5):2125-37. PMID: 16495339.
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    47. Kim JK, Pedram A, Razandi M, Levin ER. Estrogen prevents cardiomyocyte apoptosis through inhibition of reactive oxygen species and differential regulation of p38 kinase isoforms. J Biol Chem. 2006 Mar 10; 281(10):6760-7. PMID: 16407188.
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    48. Guo X, Lu X, Ren H, Levin ER, Kassab GS. Estrogen modulates the mechanical homeostasis of mouse arterial vessels through nitric oxide. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2006 May; 290(5):H1788-97. PMID: 16306215.
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    49. Pietras RJ, Levin ER, Szego CM. Estrogen receptors and cell signaling. Science. 2005 Oct 07; 310(5745):51-3; author reply 51-3. PMID: 16210518.
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    50. Pedram A, Razandi M, Aitkenhead M, Levin ER. Estrogen inhibits cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro. Antagonism of calcineurin-related hypertrophy through induction of MCIP1. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jul 15; 280(28):26339-48. PMID: 15899894; PMCID: PMC1249515.
    51. Evinger AJ, Levin ER. Requirements for estrogen receptor alpha membrane localization and function. Steroids. 2005 May-Jun; 70(5-7):361-3. PMID: 15862818.
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    52. Guo X, Razandi M, Pedram A, Kassab G, Levin ER. Estrogen induces vascular wall dilation: mediation through kinase signaling to nitric oxide and estrogen receptors alpha and beta. J Biol Chem. 2005 May 20; 280(20):19704-10. PMID: 15764600.
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    53. Levin ER. Integration of the extranuclear and nuclear actions of estrogen. Mol Endocrinol. 2005 Aug; 19(8):1951-9. PMID: 15705661; PMCID: PMC1249516.
    54. Razandi M, Pedram A, Rosen EM, Levin ER. BRCA1 inhibits membrane estrogen and growth factor receptor signaling to cell proliferation in breast cancer. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jul; 24(13):5900-13. PMID: 15199145; PMCID: PMC480898.
    55. Razandi M, Pedram A, Merchenthaler I, Greene GL, Levin ER. Plasma membrane estrogen receptors exist and functions as dimers. Mol Endocrinol. 2004 Dec; 18(12):2854-65. PMID: 15231873.
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    56. Razandi M, Alton G, Pedram A, Ghonshani S, Webb P, Levin ER. Identification of a structural determinant necessary for the localization and function of estrogen receptor alpha at the plasma membrane. Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Mar; 23(5):1633-46. PMID: 12588983; PMCID: PMC151696.
    57. Levin ER. Bidirectional signaling between the estrogen receptor and the epidermal growth factor receptor. Mol Endocrinol. 2003 Mar; 17(3):309-17. PMID: 12554774.
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    58. Razandi M, Pedram A, Park ST, Levin ER. Proximal events in signaling by plasma membrane estrogen receptors. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jan 24; 278(4):2701-12. PMID: 12421825.
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    59. Pedram A, Razandi M, Aitkenhead M, Hughes CC, Levin ER. Integration of the non-genomic and genomic actions of estrogen. Membrane-initiated signaling by steroid to transcription and cell biology. J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 27; 277(52):50768-75. PMID: 12372818.
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    60. Pedram A, Razandi M, Levin ER. Deciphering vascular endothelial cell growth factor/vascular permeability factor signaling to vascular permeability. Inhibition by atrial natriuretic peptide. J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 15; 277(46):44385-98. PMID: 12213803.
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    61. Levin ER. Estrogen receptor-beta and the cardiovascular system. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jul; 13(5):184-5. PMID: 12185660.
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    62. Levin ER. Cellular functions of plasma membrane estrogen receptors. Steroids. 2002 May; 67(6):471-5. PMID: 11960623.
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    63. Razandi M, Oh P, Pedram A, Schnitzer J, Levin ER. ERs associate with and regulate the production of caveolin: implications for signaling and cellular actions. Mol Endocrinol. 2002 Jan; 16(1):100-15. PMID: 11773442.
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    64. Levin ER. Cell localization, physiology, and nongenomic actions of estrogen receptors. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2001 Oct; 91(4):1860-7. PMID: 11568173.
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    65. Kelly MJ, Levin ER. Rapid actions of plasma membrane estrogen receptors. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2001 May-Jun; 12(4):152-6. PMID: 11295570.
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    66. Pedram A, Razandi M, Levin ER. Natriuretic peptides suppress vascular endothelial cell growth factor signaling to angiogenesis. Endocrinology. 2001 Apr; 142(4):1578-86. PMID: 11250939.
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    67. Razandi M, Pedram A, Levin ER. Estrogen signals to the preservation of endothelial cell form and function. J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 08; 275(49):38540-6. PMID: 10988297.
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    68. Razandi M, Pedram A, Levin ER. Plasma membrane estrogen receptors signal to antiapoptosis in breast cancer. Mol Endocrinol. 2000 Sep; 14(9):1434-47. PMID: 10976921.
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    69. Pedram A, Razandi M, Kehrl J, Levin ER. Natriuretic peptides inhibit G protein activation. Mediation through cross-talk between cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase and regulators of G protein-signaling proteins. J Biol Chem. 2000 Mar 10; 275(10):7365-72. PMID: 10702309.
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    70. Levin ER. Nuclear receptor versus plasma membrane oestrogen receptor. Novartis Found Symp. 2000; 230:41-50; discussion 50-5. PMID: 10965501.
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    71. Razandi M, Pedram A, Greene GL, Levin ER. Cell membrane and nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs) originate from a single transcript: studies of ERalpha and ERbeta expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Mol Endocrinol. 1999 Feb; 13(2):307-19. PMID: 9973260.
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    72. Levin ER, Rosen GF, Cassidenti DL, Yee B, Meldrum D, Wisot A, Pedram A. Role of vascular endothelial cell growth factor in Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome. J Clin Invest. 1998 Dec 01; 102(11):1978-85. PMID: 9835623.
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    73. Pedram A, Razandi M, Levin ER. Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase/Jun kinase cross-talk underlies vascular endothelial cell growth factor-induced endothelial cell proliferation. J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 09; 273(41):26722-8. PMID: 9756915.
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    74. Pedram A, Razandi M, Hu RM, Levin ER. Astrocyte progression from G1 to S phase of the cell cycle depends upon multiple protein interaction. J Biol Chem. 1998 May 29; 273(22):13966-72. PMID: 9593746.
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    75. Wang PH, Schaaf GJ, Chen WH, Feng J, Prins BA, Levin ER, Bahl JJ. IGF I induction of p53 requires activation of MAP kinase in cardiac muscle cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Apr 28; 245(3):912-7. PMID: 9588214.
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    76. Morey AK, Razandi M, Pedram A, Hu RM, Prins BA, Levin ER. Oestrogen and progesterone inhibit the stimulated production of endothelin-1. Biochem J. 1998 Mar 15; 330 ( Pt 3):1097-105. PMID: 9494073.
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    77. Morey AK, Pedram A, Razandi M, Prins BA, Hu RM, Biesiada E, Levin ER. Estrogen and progesterone inhibit vascular smooth muscle proliferation. Endocrinology. 1997 Aug; 138(8):3330-9. PMID: 9231785.
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    78. Pedram A, Razandi M, Hu RM, Levin ER. Vasoactive peptides modulate vascular endothelial cell growth factor production and endothelial cell proliferation and invasion. J Biol Chem. 1997 Jul 04; 272(27):17097-103. PMID: 9202027.
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    79. Levin ER. Editorial: Endothelin-1, prostaglandin F 2 alpha, and the corpus luteum--the crisis of lysis. Endocrinology. 1996 Dec; 137(12):5189-90. PMID: 8940333.
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    80. Biesiada E, Razandi M, Levin ER. Egr-1 activates basic fibroblast growth factor transcription. Mechanistic implications for astrocyte proliferation. J Biol Chem. 1996 Aug 02; 271(31):18576-81. PMID: 8702507.
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    81. Prins BA, Weber MJ, Hu RM, Pedram A, Daniels M, Levin ER. Atrial natriuretic peptide inhibits mitogen-activated protein kinase through the clearance receptor. Potential role in the inhibition of astrocyte proliferation. J Biol Chem. 1996 Jun 14; 271(24):14156-62. PMID: 8662898.
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    82. Razandi M, Pedram A, Rubin T, Levin ER. PGE2 and PGI2 inhibit ET-1 secretion from endothelial cells by stimulating particulate guanylate cyclase. Am J Physiol. 1996 Apr; 270(4 Pt 2):H1342-9. PMID: 8967374.
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    83. Prins BA, Biesiada E, Levin ER. Natriuretic peptides and hypertension. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 1996 Mar; 5(2):170-3. PMID: 8744541.
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    84. Levin ER. Endothelins as cardiovascular peptides. Am J Nephrol. 1996; 16(3):246-51. PMID: 8739884.
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    85. Nazario B, Hu RM, Pedram A, Prins B, Levin ER. Atrial and brain natriuretic peptides stimulate the production and secretion of C-type natriuretic peptide from bovine aortic endothelial cells. J Clin Invest. 1995 Mar; 95(3):1151-7. PMID: 7883964.
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    86. Hu RM, Wu LM, Frank HJ, Pedram A, Levin ER. Insulin stimulates thyroid hormone receptor alpha gene expression in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1994 Jul; 103(1-2):65-71. PMID: 7958399.
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    87. Prins BA, Hu RM, Nazario B, Pedram A, Frank HJ, Weber MA, Levin ER. Prostaglandin E2 and prostacyclin inhibit the production and secretion of endothelin from cultured endothelial cells. J Biol Chem. 1994 Apr 22; 269(16):11938-44. PMID: 8163494.
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    88. Hu RM, Levin ER. Astrocyte growth is regulated by neuropeptides through Tis 8 and basic fibroblast growth factor. J Clin Invest. 1994 Apr; 93(4):1820-7. PMID: 8163680.
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    89. Hu RM, Chuang MY, Prins B, Kashyap ML, Frank HJ, Pedram A, Levin ER. High density lipoproteins stimulate the production and secretion of endothelin-1 from cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. J Clin Invest. 1994 Mar; 93(3):1056-62. PMID: 8132743.
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    90. Rubin SA, Levin ER. Clinical review 53: The endocrinology of vasoactive peptides: synthesis to function. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Jan; 78(1):6-10. PMID: 8288715.
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    91. Frank HJ, Levin ER, Hu RM, Pedram A. Insulin stimulates endothelin binding and action on cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Endocrinology. 1993 Sep; 133(3):1092-7. PMID: 8365355.
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    92. Levin ER. Natriuretic peptide C-receptor: more than a clearance receptor. Am J Physiol. 1993 Apr; 264(4 Pt 1):E483-9. PMID: 8097374.
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    93. Hu RM, Levin ER, Pedram A, Frank HJ. Insulin stimulates production and secretion of endothelin from bovine endothelial cells. Diabetes. 1993 Feb; 42(2):351-8. PMID: 8425673.
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    94. Levin ER, Hu RM, Rossi M, Pickart M. Arginine vasopressin stimulates atrial natriuretic peptide gene expression and secretion from rat diencephalic neurons. Endocrinology. 1992 Sep; 131(3):1417-23. PMID: 1380442.
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    95. Hu RM, Levin ER, Pedram A, Frank HJ. Atrial natriuretic peptide inhibits the production and secretion of endothelin from cultured endothelial cells. Mediation through the C receptor. J Biol Chem. 1992 Aug 25; 267(24):17384-9. PMID: 1324935.
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    96. Levin ER, Frank HJ, Pedram A. Endothelin receptors on cultured fetal rat diencephalic glia. J Neurochem. 1992 Feb; 58(2):659-66. PMID: 1309567.
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    97. Levin ER, Frank HJ. Natriuretic peptides inhibit rat astroglial proliferation: mediation by C receptor. Am J Physiol. 1991 Aug; 261(2 Pt 2):R453-7. PMID: 1652217.
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    98. Levin ER, Isackson PJ, Hu RM. Endothelin increases atrial natriuretic peptide production in cultured rat diencephalic neurons. Endocrinology. 1991 Jun; 128(6):2925-30. PMID: 1828025.
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    99. Levin ER. Atrial natriuretic peptide and endothelin: Interactions in the central nervous system and the periphery. Mol Cell Neurosci. 1991 Jun; 2(3):189-201. PMID: 19912798.
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    100. Levin ER, Frank HJ, Gelfand R, Loughlin SE, Kaplan G. Natriuretic peptide receptors in cultured rat diencephalon. J Biol Chem. 1990 Jun 15; 265(17):10019-24. PMID: 2161831.
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    101. Levin ER, Loughlin SE, Kaplan G. Atrial natriuretic Peptide secretion from fetal rat diencephalon in culture. J Neuroendocrinol. 1990 Jun 01; 2(3):317-21. PMID: 19215353.
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    102. Levin ER. Atrial natriuretic factor: neuromodulator of the central nervous system regulation of blood pressure. Am J Hypertens. 1989 Jul; 2(7):594-8. PMID: 2569319.
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    103. Levin ER, Frank HJ, Chaudhari A, Kirschenbaum MA, Bandt A, Mills S. Decreased atrial natriuretic factor receptors and impaired cGMP generation in glomeruli from the cardiomyopathic hamster. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Mar 15; 159(2):807-14. PMID: 2539128.
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    104. Levin ER, Mills S, Weber MA. Central nervous system mediated vasodepressor action of atrial natriuretic factor. Life Sci. 1989; 44(22):1617-24. PMID: 2525218.
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    105. Levin ER, Weber MA, Mills S. Atrial natriuretic factor-induced vasodepression occurs through central nervous system. Am J Physiol. 1988 Sep; 255(3 Pt 2):H616-22. PMID: 2970804.
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    106. Levin ER. Atrial natriuretic factor is detectable in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1988 May; 66(5):1080-3. PMID: 2966182.
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    107. Levin ER, Frank HJ, Weber MA, Ismail M, Mills S. Studies of the penetration of the blood brain barrier by atrial natriuretic factor. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 Sep 30; 147(3):1226-31. PMID: 2959285.
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    108. Walter H, Levin ER, Krob EJ, Mills SD. Partitioning of erythrocytes from spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats. Hypertension. 1986 Jun; 8(6):533-9. PMID: 3710559.
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    109. Prete P, Levin ER, Pedram A. The in vitro effects of endogenous opiates on natural killer cells, antigen-specific cytolytic T cells, and T-cell subsets. Exp Neurol. 1986 May; 92(2):349-59. PMID: 3485536.
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    110. Levin ER, Sharp B, Meyer NV, Carlson HE. Morphine and naloxone: effects on beta-endorphin immunoreactivity in canine plasma and secretions from rat pituitaries. Endocrinology. 1981 Jul; 109(1):146-51. PMID: 6263581.
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