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Kyriacos A. Athanasiou

Title(s)Distinguished Professor, Biomedical Engineering
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Engineering biomimetic knee menisci with zonal and anisotropic variations
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR071457Mar 1, 2017 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Self-assembling process in tissue engineering of articular cartilage
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR067821Jun 1, 2015 - May 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Engineering Lubrication in Tissue Engineered Cartilage
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR061496Aug 1, 2011 - Jun 30, 2015
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Regenerating the fibrocartilage spectrum of the TMJ: from disc to condyle
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE019666May 5, 2010 - Feb 28, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Evaluation of TEC-Ari? Using MSCs to Engineer Articular Cartilage
    NIH/NIAMS R41AR053790Aug 1, 2008 - Jul 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Self-Assembling Process in Tissue Engineering of Articular Cartilage
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR053286Apr 1, 2007 - Feb 28, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    TMJ Disc Regeneration
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE015038Jul 1, 2003 - May 31, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Toward tissue engineering of the knee meniscus
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR047839Dec 10, 2002 - Aug 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Lavernia L, Brown WE, Wong BJF, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Toward tissue-engineering of nasal cartilages. Acta Biomater. 2019 Feb 19. PMID: 30794988.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Brown WE, DuRaine GD, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Structure-function relationships of fetal ovine articular cartilage. Acta Biomater. 2019 Feb 01. PMID: 30716555.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Donahue RP, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Remaining Hurdles for Tissue-Engineering the Temporomandibular Joint Disc. Trends Mol Med. 2019 Jan 21. PMID: 30678888.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kwon H, O'Leary SA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Translating the application of transforming growth factor-ß1, chondroitinase-ABC, and lysyl oxidase-like 2 for mechanically robust tissue-engineered human neocartilage. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2019 Feb; 13(2):283-294. PMID: 30557915.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Donahue RP, Gonzalez-Leon EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou K. Considerations for translation of tissue engineered fibrocartilage from bench to bedside. J Biomech Eng. 2018 Dec 05. PMID: 30516244.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Zhou X, Haudenschild AK, Sherlock BE, Hu JC, Leach JK, Athanasiou KA, Marcu L. Detection of glycosaminoglycan loss in articular cartilage by fluorescence lifetime imaging. J Biomed Opt. 2018 Dec; 23(12):1-8. PMID: 30578627.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Mitra D, Yasui OW, Harvestine JN, Link JM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA, Leach JK. Exogenous Lysyl Oxidase-Like 2 and Perfusion Culture Induce Collagen Crosslink Formation in Osteogenic Grafts. Biotechnol J. 2018 Jul 27; e1700763. PMID: 30052320.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Huang BJ, Brown WE, Keown T, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Overcoming Challenges in Engineering Large, Scaffold-Free Neocartilage with Functional Properties. Tissue Eng Part A. 2018 Nov; 24(21-22):1652-1662. PMID: 29766751.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Vapniarsky N, Huwe LW, Arzi B, Houghton MK, Wong ME, Wilson JW, Hatcher DC, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Tissue engineering toward temporomandibular joint disc regeneration. Sci Transl Med. 2018 Jun 20; 10(446). PMID: 29925634.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Salinas EY, Hu JC, Athanasiou K. A Guide for Using Mechanical Stimulation to Enhance Tissue-Engineered Articular Cartilage Properties. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2018 10; 24(5):345-358. PMID: 29562835.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Brown WE, Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Functional self-assembled neocartilage as part of a biphasic osteochondral construct. PLoS One. 2018; 13(4):e0195261. PMID: 29634740.
      View in: PubMed
    12. White JL, Walker NJ, Hu JC, Borjesson DL, Athanasiou KA. A Comparison of Bone Marrow and Cord Blood Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Cartilage Self-Assembly. Tissue Eng Part A. 2018 Aug; 24(15-16):1262-1272. PMID: 29478385.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Sherlock BE, Harvestine JN, Mitra D, Haudenschild A, Hu J, Athanasiou KA, Leach JK, Marcu L. Nondestructive assessment of collagen hydrogel cross-linking using time-resolved autofluorescence imaging. J Biomed Opt. 2018 Mar; 23(3):1-9. PMID: 29512359.
      View in: PubMed
    14. O'Leary SA, Paschos NK, Link JM, Klineberg EO, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Facet Joints of the Spine: Structure-Function Relationships, Problems and Treatments, and the Potential for Regeneration. Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2018 Jun 04; 20:145-170. PMID: 29494214.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Huwe LW, Brown WE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Characterization of costal cartilage and its suitability as a cell source for articular cartilage tissue engineering. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2018 May; 12(5):1163-1176. PMID: 29286211.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Lee JK, Link JM, Hu JCY, Athanasiou KA. The Self-Assembling Process and Applications in Tissue Engineering. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2017 Nov 01; 7(11). PMID: 28348174.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Hadidi P, Cissell DD, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Temporal development of near-native functional properties and correlations with qMRI in self-assembling fibrocartilage treated with exogenous lysyl oxidase homolog 2. Acta Biomater. 2017 12; 64:29-40. PMID: 28963018.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Huwe LW, Sullan GK, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Using Costal Chondrocytes to Engineer Articular Cartilage with Applications of Passive Axial Compression and Bioactive Stimuli. Tissue Eng Part A. 2018 03; 24(5-6):516-526. PMID: 28683690.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Kwon H, Haudenschild AK, Brown WE, Vapniarsky N, Paschos NK, Arzi B, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Tissue engineering potential of human dermis-isolated adult stem cells from multiple anatomical locations. PLoS One. 2017; 12(8):e0182531. PMID: 28767737.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Winer JN, Verstraete FJM, Cissell DD, Lucero S, Athanasiou KA, Arzi B. The application of 3-dimensional printing for preoperative planning in oral and maxillofacial surgery in dogs and cats. Vet Surg. 2017 Oct; 46(7):942-951. PMID: 28688157.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Vapniarsky N, Aryaei A, Arzi B, Hatcher DC, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. The Yucatan Minipig Temporomandibular Joint Disc Structure-Function Relationships Support Its Suitability for Human Comparative Studies. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2017 11; 23(11):700-709. PMID: 28548559.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Lee JK, Huwe LW, Paschos N, Aryaei A, Gegg CA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Tension stimulation drives tissue formation in scaffold-free systems. Nat Mater. 2017 Aug; 16(8):864-873. PMID: 28604717.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Paschos NK, Lim N, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Functional properties of native and tissue-engineered cartilage toward understanding the pathogenesis of chondral lesions at the knee: A bovine cadaveric study. J Orthop Res. 2017 11; 35(11):2452-2464. PMID: 28294398.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Cissell DD, Link JM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. A Modified Hydroxyproline Assay Based on Hydrochloric Acid in Ehrlich's Solution Accurately Measures Tissue Collagen Content. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2017 04; 23(4):243-250. PMID: 28406755.
      View in: PubMed
    25. O'Leary SA, Link JM, Klineberg EO, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Characterization of facet joint cartilage properties in the human and interspecies comparisons. Acta Biomater. 2017 05; 54:367-376. PMID: 28300721.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Aryaei A, Vapniarsky N, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Recent Tissue Engineering Advances for the Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2016 12; 14(6):269-279. PMID: 27704395.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Brown WE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Ammonium-Chloride-Potassium Lysing Buffer Treatment of Fully Differentiated Cells Increases Cell Purity and Resulting Neotissue Functional Properties. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2016 09; 22(9):895-903. PMID: 27553086.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Huang BJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Effects of passage number and post-expansion aggregate culture on tissue engineered, self-assembled neocartilage. Acta Biomater. 2016 10 01; 43:150-159. PMID: 27475530; PMCID: PMC5012947 [Available on 10/01/17].
    29. Huang BJ, Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Engineering biomechanically functional neocartilage derived from expanded articular chondrocytes through the manipulation of cell-seeding density and dexamethasone concentration. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2017 08; 11(8):2323-2332. PMID: 27138113.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Huang BJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Cell-based tissue engineering strategies used in the clinical repair of articular cartilage. Biomaterials. 2016 08; 98:1-22. PMID: 27177218; PMCID: PMC4899115 [Available on 08/01/17].
    31. Lee JK, Hu JC, Yamada S, Athanasiou KA. Initiation of Chondrocyte Self-Assembly Requires an Intact Cytoskeletal Network. Tissue Eng Part A. 2016 Feb; 22(3-4):318-25. PMID: 26729374; PMCID: PMC4779322 [Available on 02/01/17].
    32. Kwon H, Paschos NK, Hu JC, Athanasiou K. Articular cartilage tissue engineering: the role of signaling molecules. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2016 Mar; 73(6):1173-94. PMID: 26811234.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Peng G, McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. Superficial Zone Extracellular Matrix Extracts Enhance Boundary Lubrication of Self-Assembled Articular Cartilage. Cartilage. 2016 Jul; 7(3):256-64. PMID: 27375841; PMCID: PMC4918063 [Available on 01/01/17].
    34. Kol A, Arzi B, Athanasiou KA, Farmer DL, Nolta JA, Rebhun RB, Chen X, Griffiths LG, Verstraete FJ, Murphy CJ, Borjesson DL. Companion animals: Translational scientist's new best friends. Sci Transl Med. 2015 Oct 07; 7(308):308ps21. PMID: 26446953; PMCID: PMC4806851 [Available on 10/07/16].
    35. Vapniarsky N, Arzi B, Hu JC, Nolta JA, Athanasiou KA. Concise Review: Human Dermis as an Autologous Source of Stem Cells for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. Stem Cells Transl Med. 2015 Oct; 4(10):1187-98. PMID: 26253713.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Peng G, McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. The distribution of superficial zone protein (SZP)/lubricin/PRG4 and boundary mode frictional properties of the bovine diarthrodial joint. J Biomech. 2015 Sep 18; 48(12):3406-12. PMID: 26117076; PMCID: PMC4615312.
    37. Murphy MK, Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. TGF-ß1, GDF-5, and BMP-2 stimulation induces chondrogenesis in expanded human articular chondrocytes and marrow-derived stromal cells. Stem Cells. 2015 Mar; 33(3):762-73. PMID: 25377511.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Moran CJ, Busilacchi A, Lee CA, Athanasiou KA, Verdonk PC. Biological augmentation and tissue engineering approaches in meniscus surgery. Arthroscopy. 2015 May; 31(5):944-55. PMID: 25687715.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Lee JK, Gegg CA, Hu JC, Reddi AH, Athanasiou KA. Thyroid hormones enhance the biomechanical functionality of scaffold-free neocartilage. Arthritis Res Ther. 2015 Feb 11; 17:28. PMID: 25884593; PMCID: PMC4355350.
    40. Murphy MK, Arzi B, Prouty SM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Neocartilage integration in temporomandibular joint discs: physical and enzymatic methods. J R Soc Interface. 2015 Feb 06; 12(103). PMID: 25519993; PMCID: PMC4305410.
    41. Athanasiou KA, Responte DJ, Brown WE, Hu JC. Harnessing biomechanics to develop cartilage regeneration strategies. J Biomech Eng. 2015 Feb 01; 137(2):020901. PMID: 25322349; PMCID: PMC4321108.
    42. Makris EA, Huang BJ, Hu JC, Chen-Izu Y, Athanasiou KA. Digoxin and adenosine triphosphate enhance the functional properties of tissue-engineered cartilage. Tissue Eng Part A. 2015 Mar; 21(5-6):884-94. PMID: 25473799; PMCID: PMC4356188.
    43. Peng G, McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. Surface zone articular chondrocytes modulate the bulk and surface mechanical properties of the tissue-engineered cartilage. Tissue Eng Part A. 2014 Dec; 20(23-24):3332-41. PMID: 24947008; PMCID: PMC4259171.
    44. MacBarb RF, Paschos NK, Abeug R, Makris EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Passive strain-induced matrix synthesis and organization in shape-specific, cartilaginous neotissues. Tissue Eng Part A. 2014 Dec; 20(23-24):3290-302. PMID: 24918268; PMCID: PMC4259198.
    45. Makris EA, Responte DJ, Paschos NK, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Developing functional musculoskeletal tissues through hypoxia and lysyl oxidase-induced collagen cross-linking. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Nov 11; 111(45):E4832-41. PMID: 25349395; PMCID: PMC4234579.
    46. DuRaine GD, Brown WE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Emergence of scaffold-free approaches for tissue engineering musculoskeletal cartilages. Ann Biomed Eng. 2015 Mar; 43(3):543-54. PMID: 25331099; PMCID: PMC4380596.
    47. Lee JK, Gegg CA, Hu JC, Kass PH, Athanasiou KA. Promoting increased mechanical properties of tissue engineered neocartilage via the application of hyperosmolarity and 4a-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4aPDD). J Biomech. 2014 Nov 28; 47(15):3712-8. PMID: 25442009.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Makris EA, Gomoll AH, Malizos KN, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Repair and tissue engineering techniques for articular cartilage. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2015 Jan; 11(1):21-34. PMID: 25247412; PMCID: PMC4629810.
    49. Hadidi P, Yeh TC, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Critical seeding density improves the properties and translatability of self-assembling anatomically shaped knee menisci. Acta Biomater. 2015 Jan; 11:173-82. PMID: 25234157; PMCID: PMC4278572.
    50. Paschos NK, Makris EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Topographic variations in biomechanical and biochemical properties in the ankle joint: an in vitro bovine study evaluating native and engineered cartilage. Arthroscopy. 2014 Oct; 30(10):1317-26. PMID: 25064757.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Kalpakci KN, Brown WE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Cartilage tissue engineering using dermis isolated adult stem cells: the use of hypoxia during expansion versus chondrogenic differentiation. PLoS One. 2014; 9(5):e98570. PMID: 24867063; PMCID: PMC4035316.
    52. Makris EA, MacBarb RF, Paschos NK, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Combined use of chondroitinase-ABC, TGF-ß1, and collagen crosslinking agent lysyl oxidase to engineer functional neotissues for fibrocartilage repair. Biomaterials. 2014 Aug; 35(25):6787-96. PMID: 24840619; PMCID: PMC4105108.
    53. Paschos NK, Brown WE, Eswaramoorthy R, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Advances in tissue engineering through stem cell-based co-culture. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2015 May; 9(5):488-503. PMID: 24493315.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Arzi B, Verstraete FJ, Huey DJ, Cissell DD, Athanasiou KA. Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP-2: Part 1-Immediate Reconstruction of Segmental Mandibulectomies. Vet Surg. 2015 May; 44(4):403-9. PMID: 24410740; PMCID: PMC4451165.
    55. Verstraete FJ, Arzi B, Huey DJ, Cissell DD, Athanasiou KA. Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP--2: Part 2-Treatment of Chronic, Defect Non-Union Fractures. Vet Surg. 2015 May; 44(4):410-6. PMID: 24410723; PMCID: PMC4451182.
    56. Murphy MK, Masters TE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Engineering a fibrocartilage spectrum through modulation of aggregate redifferentiation. Cell Transplant. 2015; 24(2):235-45. PMID: 24380383; PMCID: PMC4331269.
    57. McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. Transforming growth factor ß-induced superficial zone protein accumulation in the surface zone of articular cartilage is dependent on the cytoskeleton. Tissue Eng Part A. 2014 Mar; 20(5-6):921-9. PMID: 24116978; PMCID: PMC3938930.
    58. Cissell DD, Hu JC, Griffiths LG, Athanasiou KA. Antigen removal for the production of biomechanically functional, xenogeneic tissue grafts. J Biomech. 2014 Jun 27; 47(9):1987-96. PMID: 24268315; PMCID: PMC4014533.
    59. Murphy MK, MacBarb RF, Wong ME, Athanasiou KA. Temporomandibular disorders: a review of etiology, clinical management, and tissue engineering strategies. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2013 Nov-Dec; 28(6):e393-414. PMID: 24278954; PMCID: PMC4349514.
    60. Higashioka MM, Chen JA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Building an anisotropic meniscus with zonal variations. Tissue Eng Part A. 2014 Jan; 20(1-2):294-302. PMID: 23931258; PMCID: PMC3875205.
    61. Lee JK, Responte DJ, Cissell DD, Hu JC, Nolta JA, Athanasiou KA. Clinical translation of stem cells: insight for cartilage therapies. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2014 Mar; 34(1):89-100. PMID: 24083452; PMCID: PMC4314285.
    62. MacBarb RF, Chen AL, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Engineering functional anisotropy in fibrocartilage neotissues. Biomaterials. 2013 Dec; 34(38):9980-9. PMID: 24075479; PMCID: PMC3885350.
    63. Athanasiou KA, Eswaramoorthy R, Hadidi P, Hu JC. Self-organization and the self-assembling process in tissue engineering. Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2013; 15:115-36. PMID: 23701238; PMCID: PMC4420200.
    64. Makris EA, MacBarb RF, Responte DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. A copper sulfate and hydroxylysine treatment regimen for enhancing collagen cross-linking and biomechanical properties in engineered neocartilage. FASEB J. 2013 Jun; 27(6):2421-30. PMID: 23457219; PMCID: PMC3659348.
    65. Hadidi P, Athanasiou KA. Enhancing the mechanical properties of engineered tissue through matrix remodeling via the signaling phospholipid lysophosphatidic acid. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Mar 29; 433(1):133-8. PMID: 23458458; PMCID: PMC3626273.
    66. Murphy MK, Huey DJ, Reimer AJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Enhancing post-expansion chondrogenic potential of costochondral cells in self-assembled neocartilage. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e56983. PMID: 23437288; PMCID: PMC3578801.
    67. Huey DJ, Athanasiou KA. Alteration of the fibrocartilaginous nature of scaffoldless constructs formed from leporine meniscus cells and chondrocytes through manipulation of culture and processing conditions. Cells Tissues Organs. 2013; 197(5):360-71. PMID: 23406714; PMCID: PMC3718672.
    68. Wong ML, Wong JL, Athanasiou KA, Griffiths LG. Stepwise solubilization-based antigen removal for xenogeneic scaffold generation in tissue engineering. Acta Biomater. 2013 May; 9(5):6492-501. PMID: 23321301.
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    69. Arzi B, Cissell DD, Verstraete FJ, Kass PH, DuRaine GD, Athanasiou KA. Computed tomographic findings in dogs and cats with temporomandibular joint disorders: 58 cases (2006-2011). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013 Jan 01; 242(1):69-75. PMID: 23234284; PMCID: PMC3747040.
    70. Murphy MK, DuRaine GD, Reddi A, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Inducing articular cartilage phenotype in costochondral cells. Arthritis Res Ther. 2013; 15(6):R214. PMID: 24330640; PMCID: PMC3979093.
    71. Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Unlike bone, cartilage regeneration remains elusive. Science. 2012 Nov 16; 338(6109):917-21. PMID: 23161992; PMCID: PMC4327988.
    72. Eleswarapu SV, Athanasiou KA. TRPV4 channel activation improves the tensile properties of self-assembled articular cartilage constructs. Acta Biomater. 2013 Mar; 9(3):5554-61. PMID: 23128162; PMCID: PMC3562419.
    73. Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Chondrogenically tuned expansion enhances the cartilaginous matrix-forming capabilities of primary, adult, leporine chondrocytes. Cell Transplant. 2013; 22(2):331-40. PMID: 23044188; PMCID: PMC3581742.
    74. MacBarb RF, Makris EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. A chondroitinase-ABC and TGF-ß1 treatment regimen for enhancing the mechanical properties of tissue-engineered fibrocartilage. Acta Biomater. 2013 Jan; 9(1):4626-34. PMID: 23041782; PMCID: PMC3518537.
    75. Dowling EP, Ronan W, Ofek G, Deshpande VS, McMeeking RM, Athanasiou KA, McGarry JP. The effect of remodelling and contractility of the actin cytoskeleton on the shear resistance of single cells: a computational and experimental investigation. J R Soc Interface. 2012 Dec 07; 9(77):3469-79. PMID: 22809850; PMCID: PMC3481572.
    76. Responte DJ, Natoli RM, Athanasiou KA. Identification of potential biophysical and molecular signalling mechanisms underlying hyaluronic acid enhancement of cartilage formation. J R Soc Interface. 2012 Dec 07; 9(77):3564-73. PMID: 22809846; PMCID: PMC3481566.
    77. Responte DJ, Lee JK, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Biomechanics-driven chondrogenesis: from embryo to adult. FASEB J. 2012 Sep; 26(9):3614-24. PMID: 22673579; PMCID: PMC3425829.
    78. Responte DJ, Arzi B, Natoli RM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Mechanisms underlying the synergistic enhancement of self-assembled neocartilage treated with chondroitinase-ABC and TGF-ß1. Biomaterials. 2012 Apr; 33(11):3187-94. PMID: 22284584; PMCID: PMC3275670.
    79. Sun Y, Responte D, Xie H, Liu J, Fatakdawala H, Hu J, Athanasiou KA, Marcu L. Nondestructive evaluation of tissue engineered articular cartilage using time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy and ultrasound backscatter microscopy. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2012 Mar; 18(3):215-26. PMID: 22010819; PMCID: PMC3285603.
    80. Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. Biomechanics of meniscus cells: regional variation and comparison to articular chondrocytes and ligament cells. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2012 Sep; 11(7):1047-56. PMID: 22231673; PMCID: PMC3584445.
    81. McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. Engineering lubrication in articular cartilage. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2012 Apr; 18(2):88-100. PMID: 21955119; PMCID: PMC3311401.
    82. Willard VP, Kalpakci KN, Reimer AJ, Athanasiou KA. The regional contribution of glycosaminoglycans to temporomandibular joint disc compressive properties. J Biomech Eng. 2012 Jan; 134(1):011011. PMID: 22482666; PMCID: PMC3616643.
    83. Arzi B, Wisner ER, Huey DJ, Kass PH, Hu J, Athanasiou KA. A proposed model of naturally occurring osteoarthritis in the domestic rabbit. Lab Anim (NY). 2011 Dec 19; 41(1):20-5. PMID: 22184086; PMCID: PMC4326101.
    84. Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. Regional effects of enzymatic digestion on knee meniscus cell yield and phenotype for tissue engineering. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2012 Mar; 18(3):235-43. PMID: 22029490; PMCID: PMC3285601.
    85. Willard VP, Arzi B, Athanasiou KA. The attachments of the temporomandibular joint disc: a biochemical and histological investigation. Arch Oral Biol. 2012 Jun; 57(6):599-606. PMID: 22129470; PMCID: PMC3294030.
    86. Huey DJ, Athanasiou KA. Tension-compression loading with chemical stimulation results in additive increases to functional properties of anatomic meniscal constructs. PLoS One. 2011; 6(11):e27857. PMID: 22114714; PMCID: PMC3218070.
    87. Huey DJ, Sanchez-Adams J, Willard VP, Athanasiou KA. Immunogenicity of bovine and leporine articular chondrocytes and meniscus cells. Tissue Eng Part A. 2012 Mar; 18(5-6):568-75. PMID: 21942992; PMCID: PMC3286814.
    88. Eleswarapu SV, Responte DJ, Athanasiou KA. Tensile properties, collagen content, and crosslinks in connective tissues of the immature knee joint. PLoS One. 2011; 6(10):e26178. PMID: 22022553; PMCID: PMC3192771.
    89. Eleswarapu SV, Chen JA, Athanasiou KA. Temporal assessment of ribose treatment on self-assembled articular cartilage constructs. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Oct 22; 414(2):431-6. PMID: 21971556; PMCID: PMC3200502.
    90. Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. Dermis isolated adult stem cells for cartilage tissue engineering. Biomaterials. 2012 Jan; 33(1):109-19. PMID: 21959004.
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    91. Sanchez-Adams J, Willard VP, Athanasiou KA. Regional variation in the mechanical role of knee meniscus glycosaminoglycans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011 Dec; 111(6):1590-6. PMID: 21903884; PMCID: PMC3233877.
    92. Bhatavadekar NB, Hu J, Keys K, Ofek G, Athanasiou KA. Novel application of cytodetachment technology to the analysis of dental implant surfaces. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2011 Sep-Oct; 26(5):985-90. PMID: 22010080.
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    93. Wong ML, Leach JK, Athanasiou KA, Griffiths LG. The role of protein solubilization in antigen removal from xenogeneic tissue for heart valve tissue engineering. Biomaterials. 2011 Nov; 32(32):8129-38. PMID: 21810537.
      View in: PubMed
    94. Makris EA, Hadidi P, Athanasiou KA. The knee meniscus: structure-function, pathophysiology, current repair techniques, and prospects for regeneration. Biomaterials. 2011 Oct; 32(30):7411-31. PMID: 21764438; PMCID: PMC3161498.
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