Michael Edward Lekawa

Title(s)Health Sciences Professor, Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address1001 Health Sciences Road
Irvine CA 92697-3950
Phone(714) 456-5890
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Blunt Abdominal Trauma in Pregnancy: Higher Rates of Severe Abdominal Injuries. Am Surg. 2024 Apr 27; 31348241248790. Skochko S, Nahmias J, Lekawa M, Kong A, Schubl S, Swentek L, Grigorian A. PMID: 38676625.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Immediate Operative Trauma Assessment Score: A Simple and Reliable Predictor of Mortality in Trauma Patients Undergoing Urgent/Emergent Surgery. Am Surg. 2024 Apr 19; 31348241248784. Silver E, Nahmias J, Lekawa M, Inaba K, Schellenberg M, De Virgilio C, Grigorian A. PMID: 38641872.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. iPad-Based Neurocognitive Testing (ImPACT-QT) in Acute Adult Mild Traumatic Brain Injury/Concussion: Study on Practicality and Bedside Cognitive Scores in a Level-1 Trauma Center. Am Surg. 2024 Apr 09; 31348241246168. Chen PM, Lee S, Cruz LD, Lopez M, Thomas A, Chen JW, Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Lekawa M. PMID: 38592191.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Similar rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and failure of non-operative management for early versus delayed VTE chemoprophylaxis in adolescent blunt solid organ injuries: a propensity-matched analysis. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2024 Jan 09. Grigorian A, Schubl S, Swentek L, Barrios C, Lekawa M, Russell D, Nahmias J. PMID: 38194094.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Combined Arterial and Venous Lower Extremity Injury. JAMA Surg. 2023 Dec 01; 158(12):1346-1347. Grigorian A, Kabutey NK, de Virgilio C, Lekawa M, Schubl S, Martin M, Nahmias J. PMID: 37792342; PMCID: PMC10551813.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Development of a novel scoring tool to predict the need for early cricothyroidotomy in trauma patients. Surg Open Sci. 2023 Dec; 16:58-63. Londoño M, Nahmias J, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Kong A, Schubl S, Inaba K, Grigorian A. PMID: 37808420; PMCID: PMC10550758.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    7. Scoring Tool to Predict Need for Early Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) After Pediatric Trauma. World J Surg. 2023 11; 47(11):2925-2931. Kazempoor B, Nahmias J, Clark I, Schubl S, Lekawa M, Swentek L, Keshava HB, Grigorian A. PMID: 37653348; PMCID: PMC10545564.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Considerations for Intracranial Monitoring and Surgery in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury with Temporal Lobe Contusion. Neurocrit Care. 2023 Oct; 39(2):527-529. Chen PM, Shah I, Manning C, Lekawa M, Chen JW. PMID: 37286845.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Diagnostic Peritoneal Aspiration or Lavage in Stratified Groups of Hypotensive Blunt Trauma Patients. Am Surg. 2023 Oct; 89(10):4007-4012. Aryan N, Grigorian A, Kong A, Schubl S, Dolich M, Santos J, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 37154296.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Antibiotic administration within 1 hour for open lower extremity fractures is not associated with decreased risk of infection. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2023 02 01; 94(2):226-231. Grigorian A, Schellenberg M, Inaba K, Martin M, Matsushima K, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 36345122.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. No Difference in Mortality and Outcomes After Addition of a Nearby Pediatric Trauma Center. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 12 01; 38(12):654-658. Naaseh A, Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Schubl S, Joe V, Nahmias J. PMID: 36252047.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Emergency medicine (EM) can safely manage geriatric trauma patients sustaining ground level falls: Fostering EM autonomy while safely offloading a busy trauma service. Am J Surg. 2022 11; 224(5):1314-1318. Skochko S, Grigorian A, Eshraghi C, Paladugu A, Nguyen N, Swentek L, Lekawa M, Fox JC, Nahmias J. PMID: 35961876.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Blunt Trauma Mortality: Does Trauma Center Level Matter? J Surg Res. 2022 08; 276:76-82. Mehta VV, Grigorian A, Nahmias JT, Dolich M, Barrios C, Chin TL, Schubl SD, Lekawa M. PMID: 35339783.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Comparative Outcomes for Trauma Patients in Prison and the General Population. Am Surg. 2022 Aug; 88(8):1954-1961. Christian AB, Grigorian A, Mo J, Yeates EO, Dolich M, Chin TL, Schubl SD, Kuza CM, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 35282696.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Obesity Does Not Increase Risk for Mortality in Severe Sepsis Trauma Patients. Am Surg. 2023 Nov; 89(11):4734-4739. Tay-Lasso E, Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Schubl S, Barrios C, Nguyen N, Nahmias J. PMID: 35236162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Laparoscopy in the Evaluation of Blunt Abdominal Injury in Level-I and II Pediatric Trauma Centers. Am Surg. 2023 Apr; 89(4):607-613. Haratian A, Grigorian A, Rajalingam K, Dolich M, Schubl S, Kuza CM, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 34996303.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Firearm violence against children in the United States: Trends in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2022 01 01; 92(1):65-68. Donnelly MR, Grigorian A, Swentek L, Arora J, Kuza CM, Inaba K, Kim D, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 34932041; PMCID: PMC8677489.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Helmets Protect Pediatric Bicyclists From Head Injury and Do Not Increase Risk of Cervical Spine Injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 Jan 01; 38(1):e360-e364. Hasjim BJ, Grigorian A, Schubl SD, Lekawa M, Kim D, Bernal N, Nahmias J. PMID: 33181791.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Association of Risk of Mortality in Pediatric Patients Transferred From Scene by Helicopter With Major But Not Minor Injuries. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 Jan 01; 38(1):e287-e291. Duffens A, Grigorian A, de Virgilio C, Chin T, Kim D, Lekawa M, Schubl SD, Nahmias J. PMID: 33105460.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Comparison of Same and Different Level Height Falls on Subsequent Midline Shift in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 May 01; 38(5):e1262-e1265. Sullivan BG, Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Dolich MO, Schubl SD, Barrios C, Joe VC, Borazjani B, Nahmias J. PMID: 35482503.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Early cognitive impairment is common in pediatric patients following mild traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2021 11 01; 91(5):861-866. Keys ME, Delaplain P, Kirby KA, Boudreau KI, Rosenbaum K, Inaba K, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 34695063; PMCID: PMC10112330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Blunt Trauma Massive Transfusion (B-MaT) Score: A Novel Scoring Tool. J Surg Res. 2022 02; 270:321-326. Yeates EO, Grigorian A, Inaba K, Dolich M, Schubl SD, Lekawa M, Schellenberg M, de Virgilio M, Nahmias J. PMID: 34731729.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Nerve monitoring decreases recurrent laryngeal nerve injury risk for neoplasm-related thyroidectomy. Am J Surg. 2022 05; 223(5):918-922. Duong W, Grigorian A, Farzaneh C, Elfenbein D, Yamamoto M, Rosenbaum K, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 34715986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Vices-paradox in trauma: Positive alcohol and drug screens associated with decreased mortality. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 09 01; 226:108866. Covarrubias J, Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Chin TL, Schubl S, Joe V, Lekawa M. PMID: 34216867.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Prehospital Variables Alone Can Predict Mortality After Blunt Trauma: A Novel Scoring Tool. Am Surg. 2021 Dec; 87(10):1638-1643. Stopenski S, Grigorian A, Inaba K, Lekawa M, Matsushima K, Schellenberg M, Kim D, de Virgilio C, Nahmias J. PMID: 34128401.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Facial Fractures Have Similar Outcomes When Managed by Either Otolaryngology or Plastic Surgery: Encounters From a Single Level I Trauma Center. Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr. 2022 Jun; 15(2):111-121. Christian A, Sun BJ, Khoshab N, Grigorian A, Cantwell CY, Melucci SA, Hu AC, Kuza CM, Lekawa ME, Nahmias J. PMID: 35633765; PMCID: PMC9133515.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    27. Discrepancies in Thyroidectomy Outcomes Between General Surgeons and Otolaryngologists. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2022 Dec; 74(Suppl 3):5384-5390. Stopenski S, Grigorian A, Roditi R, Jutric Z, Yamamoto M, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 36742886; PMCID: PMC9895566.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    28. No Difference in Morbidity or Mortality Between Octogenarians and Other Geriatric Burn Trauma Patients. Am Surg. 2022 Dec; 88(12):2907-2912. Alpert M, Grigorian A, Joe V, Chin TL, Bernal N, Lekawa M, Satahoo S, Nahmias J. PMID: 33861652.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Injury and Mortality Profiles in Level II and III Trauma Centers. Am Surg. 2022 Jan; 88(1):58-64. Farhat A, Grigorian A, Farhat A, Chin TL, Donnelly M, Dolich M, Kuza CM, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 33775161.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Isolated Thoracic Injury Patients With Rib Fractures Undergoing Rib Fixation Have Improved Mortality. J Surg Res. 2021 06; 262:197-202. Yeates EO, Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Qazi A, Kong A, Schubl SD. PMID: 33607414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. A Dual Pandemic: The Influence of Coronavirus Disease 2019 on Trends and Types of Firearm Violence in California, Ohio, and the United States. J Surg Res. 2021 07; 263:24-33. Donnelly MR, Grigorian A, Inaba K, Kuza CM, Kim D, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 33621746.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    32. Regional, Racial, and Mortality Disparities Associated With Neurosurgeon Staffing at Level I Trauma Centers. Am Surg. 2021 Dec; 87(12):1972-1979. Homo RL, Grigorian A, Chen J, Figueroa C, Chin T, Kuza CM, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 33380167.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Racial and Sex Disparities in Trauma Outcomes Based on Geographical Region. Am Surg. 2021 Jun; 87(6):988-993. Duong WQ, Grigorian A, Farzaneh C, Nahmias J, Chin T, Schubl S, Dolich M, Lekawa M. PMID: 33295791.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Endovascular management of traumatic pseudoaneurysms. CVIR Endovasc. 2020 Nov 27; 3(1):88. Shreve L, Jarmakani M, Javan H, Babin I, Nelson K, Katrivesis J, Lekawa M, Kuncir E, Fernando D, Abi-Jaoudeh N. PMID: 33245433; PMCID: PMC7695774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    35. New York State and the Nation: Trends in Firearm Purchases and Firearm Violence During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Am Surg. 2021 May; 87(5):690-697. Donnelly MR, Barie PS, Grigorian A, Kuza CM, Schubl S, de Virgilio C, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 33233940.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    36. Predictors of Anastomotic Leak After Esophagectomy for Cancer: Not All Leaks Increase Mortality. Am Surg. 2021 Jun; 87(6):864-871. Krasnoff CC, Grigorian A, Smith BR, Jutric Z, Nguyen NT, Daly S, Lekawa ME, Nahmias J. PMID: 33233922.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Race, Age, and Lack of Insurance Increase Risk of Suicide Attempt in Trauma Patients. Arch Suicide Res. 2022 Apr-Jun; 26(2):846-860. Temko JE, Grigorian A, Barrios C, Lekawa M, Nahmias L, Kuza CM, Nahmias J. PMID: 33186511.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Brachial Plexus Injury Significantly Increases Risk of Axillosubclavian Vessel Injury in Blunt Trauma Patients With Clavicle Fractures. Am Surg. 2021 May; 87(5):747-752. Tay E, Grigorian A, Schubl SD, Lekawa M, de Virgilio C, Scolaro J, Kabutey NK, Nahmias J. PMID: 33169619.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. University Teaching Trauma Centers: Decreased Mortality but Increased Complications. J Surg Res. 2021 03; 259:379-386. Duong W, Grigorian A, Sun BJ, Kuza CM, Delaplain PT, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 33109406.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. An increasing trend in geriatric trauma patients undergoing surgical stabilization of rib fractures. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2022 Feb; 48(1):205-210. Duong W, Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Farzaneh C, Christian A, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Schubl S. PMID: 33095279; PMCID: PMC7583690.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Comparison of surgical fixation and non-operative management in patients with traumatic sternum fracture. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2022 Feb; 48(1):219-224. Christian AB, Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Duong WQ, Lekawa M, Joe V, Dolich M, Schubl SD. PMID: 33078258; PMCID: PMC7571865.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. No difference in mortality between level I and level II trauma centers performing surgical stabilization of rib fracture. Am J Surg. 2021 05; 221(5):1076-1081. Rockne WY, Grigorian A, Christian A, Nahmias J, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Chin T, Schubl SD. PMID: 33010876.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Trauma patients with tibia/fibula fractures are associated with an increased risk of torso, severe head, and severe spine injuries compared to patients with femur fractures. Injury. 2021 Jun; 52(6):1346-1350. Yu J, Grigorian A, Learned J, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Kuza CM, Nahmias J. PMID: 32988617.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Fat embolism syndrome in blunt trauma patients with extremity fractures. J Orthop. 2020 Sep-Oct; 21:475-480. Alpert M, Grigorian A, Scolaro J, Learned J, Dolich M, Kuza CM, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 33716415; PMCID: PMC7923246.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    45. Evolving Utility of Endovascular Treatment of Juxtarenal, Pararenal, and Suprarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Associated With Increased Risk of Mortality Over Time. Ann Vasc Surg. 2021 Feb; 71:428-436. Duong WQ, Fujitani RM, Grigorian A, Kabutey NK, Kuo I, de Virgilio C, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 32889159.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Comparing unbalanced and balanced ratios of blood products in massive transfusion to pediatric trauma patients: effects on mortality and outcomes. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2022 Feb; 48(1):179-186. Sehdev M, Grigorian A, Kuza C, Dolich M, Borazjani B, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 32797258; PMCID: PMC7426595.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Penetrating Abdominal Aortic Injury: Comparison of ACS-Verified Level-I and II Trauma Centers. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2020 Nov; 54(8):692-696. Sheehan BM, Grigorian A, Maithel S, Borazjani B, Fujitani RM, Kabutey NK, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 32787694.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Analysis of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Small Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Males. J Surg Res. 2020 12; 256:163-170. Farzaneh C, Fujitani R, De Virgilio C, Grigorian A, Duong W, Kabutey NK, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 32707399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Early cognitive impairment is common after intracranial hemorrhage with mild traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020 07; 89(1):215-221. Delaplain PT, Albertson S, Grigorian A, Williams B, Smith M, Inaba K, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 32102043.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Trauma patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): a propensity matched analysis. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2022 Feb; 48(1):449-454. Covarrubias J, Grigorian A, Kuza CM, Dolich M, Dosch A, Kojayan GG, Delaplain P, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 32448942; PMCID: PMC7246034.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    51. Geriatric patients undergoing appendectomy have increased risk of intraoperative perforation and/or abscess. Surgery. 2020 Aug; 168(2):322-327. Fan SM, Grigorian A, Smith BR, Kuza CM, Lekawa M, Schubl SD, Nguyen NT, Nahmias J. PMID: 32461001.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Decreased Length of Stay After Laparoscopic Diaphragm Repair for Isolated Diaphragm Injury After Penetrating Trauma. Am Surg. 2020 May; 86(5):493-498. Chaudhry HH, Grigorian A, Lekawa ME, Dolich MO, Nguyen NT, Smith BR, Schubl SD, Nahmias JT. PMID: 32684037.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Energy vessel sealant devices are associated with decreased risk of neck hematoma after thyroid surgery. Updates Surg. 2020 Dec; 72(4):1135-1141. Moran K, Grigorian A, Elfenbein D, Schubl S, Jutric Z, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 32333320.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Helicopter Transport Has Decreased Over Time and Transport From Scene or Hospital Matters. Air Med J. 2020 Jul - Aug; 39(4):283-290. Dominguez OH, Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Schubl SD, Chin T, Kim DY, de Virgilio C, Nahmias J. PMID: 32690305.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Octogenarians with blunt splenic injury: not all geriatrics are the same. Updates Surg. 2021 Aug; 73(4):1533-1539. Bashir R, Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Joe V, Schubl SD, Chin TL, Kong A, Nahmias J. PMID: 32306276; PMCID: PMC7223657.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Chemoprophylaxis and Venous Thromboembolism in Traumatic Brain Injury at Different Trauma Centers. Am Surg. 2020 Apr 01; 86(4):362-368. Yeates EO, Grigorian A, Schubl SD, Kuza CM, Joe V, Lekawa M, Borazjani B, Nahmias J. PMID: 32391761.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Intracranial pressure monitors associated with increased venous thromboembolism in severe traumatic brain injury. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2021 Oct; 47(5):1483-1490. Allen A, Grigorian A, Christian A, Schubl SD, Barrios C, Lekawa M, Borazjani B, Joe V, Nahmias J. PMID: 32157341; PMCID: PMC7222950.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Obesity associated with increased postoperative pulmonary complications and mortality after trauma laparotomy. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2021 Oct; 47(5):1561-1568. Covarrubias J, Grigorian A, Schubl S, Gambhir S, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Nguyen N, Nahmias J. PMID: 32088754; PMCID: PMC7222077.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Outcomes after pneumonectomy versus limited lung resection in adults with traumatic lung injury. Updates Surg. 2020 Jun; 72(2):547-553. Homo RL, Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Kuza CM, Doben AR, Gross R, Nahmias J. PMID: 32086773; PMCID: PMC7223758.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Intracranial pressure monitoring associated with increased mortality in pediatric brain injuries. Pediatr Surg Int. 2020 Mar; 36(3):391-398. Delaplain PT, Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Mallicote M, Joe V, Schubl SD, Kuza CM, Dolich M, Nahmias J. PMID: 31938835; PMCID: PMC7223517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Non-Accidental Trauma Associated with Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment in Severe Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. J Clin Ethics. 2020; 31(2):111-125. Grigorian A, de Virgilio C, Lekawa M, Ramakrisnan D, Barros R, Kuncir E, Nahmias J. PMID: 32585654.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Analysis of blunt cerebrovascular injury in pediatric trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2019 12; 87(6):1354-1359. Grigorian A, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Fujitani RM, Kabutey NK, Kuza CM, Bashir R, Nahmias J. PMID: 31626028.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Sternotomy for Hemorrhage Control in Trauma. J Surg Res. 2020 03; 247:227-233. Duong W, Grigorian A, Al-Khouja L, Schubl S, Kong A, Lekawa M, Chin TL, Nahmias J. PMID: 31759620.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Predictors of blunt abdominal aortic injury in trauma patients and mortality analysis. J Vasc Surg. 2020 06; 71(6):1858-1866. Sheehan BM, Grigorian A, de Virgilio C, Fujitani RM, Kabutey NK, Lekawa M, Schubl SD, Nahmias J. PMID: 31699513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Differing Risk of Mortality in Trauma Patients With Stab Wounds to the Torso: Treating Hospital Matters. JAMA Surg. 2019 11 01; 154(11):1070-1072. Abate M, Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Schubl SD, Kuncir E, Lekawa M. PMID: 31433445; PMCID: PMC6705134.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. The use of computed tomography imaging for abdominal seatbelt sign: A single-center, prospective evaluation. Injury. 2020 Jan; 51(1):26-31. Delaplain PT, Barrios C, Spencer D, Lekawa M, Schubl S, Dosch A, Grigorian A, Smith M, Pejcinovska M, Nahmias J. PMID: 31706587.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Esophageal Trauma: Analysis of Incidence, Morbidity, and Mortality. Am Surg. 2019 Oct 01; 85(10):1134-1138. Gambhir S, Grigorian A, Swentek L, Maithel S, Sheehan BM, Daly S, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 31657309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Marijuana use and outcomes in adult and pediatric trauma patients after legalization in California. Am J Surg. 2019 12; 218(6):1189-1194. Grigorian A, Lester E, Lekawa M, Figueroa C, Kuza CM, Dolich M, Schubl SD, Barrios C, Nahmias J. PMID: 31521241.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. Early Tracheostomy for Severe Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury is Associated with Reduced Intensive Care Unit Length of Stay and Total Ventilator Days. J Intensive Care Med. 2020 Nov; 35(11):1346-1351. Sheehan BM, Grigorian A, Gambhir S, Maithel S, Kuza CM, Dolich MO, Lekawa ME, Nahmias J. PMID: 31455142.
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    70. Increased risk of head injury in pediatric patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2019 11; 32(4):171-176. Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Dolich M, Barrios C, Schubl SD, Sheehan B, Lekawa M. PMID: 31328370.
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    71. Same-Day Discharge after Non-Perforated Laparoscopic Appendectomy Is Safe. J Invest Surg. 2021 Mar; 34(3):270-275. Grigorian A, Kuza CM, Schubl SD, Nguyen NT, de Virgilio C, Kim D, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 31218891.
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    72. Smoking is associated with an improved short-term outcome in patients with rib fractures. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2020 Aug; 46(4):927-933. Grigorian A, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Schubl SD, Doben AR, Kuza CM, Barrios C, Nahmias J. PMID: 31115615.
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    73. Non-accidental trauma increases length of stay and mortality in pediatric trauma. Pediatr Surg Int. 2019 Jul; 35(7):779-784. Livingston JK, Grigorian A, Kuza CM, Lekawa M, Bernal N, Allen A, Nahmias J. PMID: 31076869.
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    74. Patients with gunshot wounds to the torso differ in risk of mortality depending on treating hospital. Updates Surg. 2019 Sep; 71(3):561-567. Grigorian A, Nahmias J, Chin T, Allen A, Kuncir E, Dolich M, Joe V, Lekawa M. PMID: 31011998.
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    75. Perforated Peptic Ulcer Surgery: Decreased Length of Stay but No Difference in Mortality with Laparoscopic Repair. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2018 Dec; 28(6):410-415. Gabriel V, Grigorian A, Schubl SD, Pejcinovska M, Won E, Lekawa M, Bernal N, Nahmias J. PMID: 30312196.
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    76. Association of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia With Bacterial Infection in Trauma Patients. JAMA Surg. 2018 10 01; 153(10):964-965. Grigorian A, Schubl S, Barrios C, Joe V, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 29955756; PMCID: PMC6233786.
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    77. Use of laparoscopic colectomy increasing in trauma: comparison of laparoscopic vs. open colectomy. Updates Surg. 2019 Mar; 71(1):105-111. Grigorian A, Pigazzi A, Nguyen NT, Schubl SD, Joe V, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Nahmias J. PMID: 30143986.
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    78. Decreased incidence of venous thromboembolism found in trauma patients with positive blood alcohol concentration on admission. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2019; 45(1):77-83. Grigorian A, Gambhir S, Al-Khouja L, Gabriel V, Schubl SD, Nastanski F, Lekawa M, Joe V, Nahmias J. PMID: 30084660.
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    79. Pressure Ulcer in Trauma Patients: A Higher Spinal Cord Injury Level Leads to Higher Risk. J Am Coll Clin Wound Spec. 2017; 9(1-3):24-31.e1. Grigorian A, Sugimoto M, Joe V, Schubl S, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Kuncir E, Barrios C, Nahmias J. PMID: 30591898; PMCID: PMC6304286.
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    80. 911 Emergency Medical Services and Re-Triage to Level I Trauma Centers. J Am Coll Surg. 2018 01; 226(1):64-69. Kuncir E, Spencer D, Feldman K, Barrios C, Miller K, Lush S, Dolich M, Lekawa M. PMID: 29133262.
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    81. Racial Disparities in Access and Outcomes of Cholecystectomy in the United States. Am Surg. 2016 Oct; 82(10):921-925. Gahagan JV, Hanna MH, Whealon MD, Maximus S, Phelan MJ, Lekawa M, Barrios C, Bernal NP. PMID: 27779974.
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    82. Seatbelt sign as an indication for four-vessel computed tomography angiogram of the neck to diagnose blunt carotid artery and other cervical vascular injuries. Am Surg. 2013 Oct; 79(10):1001-4. Dhillon RS, Barrios C, Lau C, Pham J, Bernal N, Kong A, Lekawa M, Dolich M. PMID: 24160787.
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    83. Risk factors for venous thromboembolism in critically ill nontrauma surgical patients who cannot receive chemical prophylaxis. Am J Surg. 2013 Sep; 206(3):300-6. Patel MS, Ewing T, Kong A, Nguyen D, Lau C, Barrios C, Cinat M, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Malinoski D. PMID: 23759695.
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    84. Which central venous catheters have the highest rate of catheter-associated deep venous thrombosis: a prospective analysis of 2,128 catheter days in the surgical intensive care unit. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Feb; 74(2):454-60; discussion 461-2. Malinoski D, Ewing T, Bhakta A, Schutz R, Imayanagita B, Casas T, Woo N, Margulies D, Barrios C, Lekawa M, Chung R, Bukur M, Kong A. PMID: 23354238.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. A comparison of thoracic CT and abdominal CT for the identification of thoracic blunt trauma. Am J Surg. 2012 Dec; 204(6):927-31; discussion 931-2. Pinette W, Barrios C, Pham J, Kong A, Dolich M, Lekawa M. PMID: 23231934.
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    86. Risk for contrast-induced nephropathy in elderly trauma patients. Am Surg. 2012 Oct; 78(10):1114-7. Finigan R, Pham J, Mendoza R, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Kong A, Bernal N, Lush S, Barrios C. PMID: 23025953.
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    87. The current role of magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosing cervical spine injury in blunt trauma patients with negative computed tomography scan. Am Surg. 2012 Oct; 78(10):1156-60. Kaiser ML, Whealon MD, Barrios C, Kong AP, Lekawa ME, Dolich MO. PMID: 23025962.
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    88. Predictors of hazardous drinking behavior in 1,340 adult trauma patients: a computerized alcohol screening and intervention study. J Am Coll Surg. 2012 Oct; 215(4):489-95. Ewing T, Barrios C, Lau C, Patel MS, Cui E, Garcia SD, Kong A, Lotfipour S, Lekawa M, Malinoski D. PMID: 22683248.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    89. Risk factors for venous thromboembolism in critically ill trauma patients who cannot receive chemical prophylaxis. Injury. 2013 Jan; 44(1):80-5. Malinoski D, Ewing T, Patel MS, Jafari F, Sloane B, Nguyen B, Barrios C, Kong A, Cinat M, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Hoyt DB. PMID: 22047757.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    90. Implementation of a cost-saving algorithm for pelvic radiographs in blunt trauma patients. J Trauma. 2011 Sep; 71(3):582-4. Barleben A, Jafari F, Rose J, Dolich M, Malinoski D, Lekawa M, Hoyt D, Cinat M. PMID: 21908996.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    91. The natural history of upper extremity deep venous thromboses in critically ill surgical and trauma patients: what is the role of anticoagulation? J Trauma. 2011 Aug; 71(2):316-21; discussion 321-2. Malinoski DJ, Ewing T, Patel MS, Nguyen D, Le T, Cui E, Kong A, Dolich M, Barrios C, Cinat M, Lekawa M, Salim A. PMID: 21825933.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    92. Test characteristics of focused assessment of sonography for trauma for clinically significant abdominal free fluid in pediatric blunt abdominal trauma. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 May; 18(5):477-82. Fox JC, Boysen M, Gharahbaghian L, Cusick S, Ahmed SS, Anderson CL, Lekawa M, Langdorf MI. PMID: 21569167.
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    93. Risk factors for traumatic injury findings on thoracic computed tomography among patients with blunt trauma having a normal chest radiograph. Arch Surg. 2011 Apr; 146(4):459-63. Kaiser ML, Whealon MD, Barrios C, Dobson SC, Malinoski DJ, Dolich MO, Lekawa ME, Hoyt DB, Cinat ME. PMID: 21502456.
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    94. Ability of a chest X-ray and an abdominal computed tomography scan to identify traumatic thoracic injury. Am J Surg. 2010 Dec; 200(6):741-4; discussion 744-5. Barrios C, Pham J, Malinoski D, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Cinat M. PMID: 21146014.
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    95. The clinical significance of occult thoracic injury in blunt trauma patients. Am Surg. 2010 Oct; 76(10):1063-6. Kaiser M, Whealon M, Barrios C, Dobson S, Malinoski D, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Hoyt D, Cinat M. PMID: 21105610.
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    96. A multidisciplinary organ donor council and performance improvement initiative can improve donation outcomes. Am Surg. 2010 Oct; 76(10):1059-62. Kong AP, Barrios C, Salim A, Willis L, Cinat ME, Dolich MO, Lekawa ME, Malinoski DJ. PMID: 21105609.
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    97. Standard prophylactic enoxaparin dosing leads to inadequate anti-Xa levels and increased deep venous thrombosis rates in critically ill trauma and surgical patients. J Trauma. 2010 Apr; 68(4):874-80. Malinoski D, Jafari F, Ewing T, Ardary C, Conniff H, Baje M, Kong A, Lekawa ME, Dolich MO, Cinat ME, Barrios C, Hoyt DB. PMID: 20386282.
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    98. Utility of thoracic computed tomography after blunt trauma: when is chest radiograph enough? Am Surg. 2009 Oct; 75(10):966-9. Barrios C, Malinoski D, Dolich M, Lekawa M, Hoyt D, Cinat M. PMID: 19886146.
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    99. Traffic law knowledge disparity between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in California. J Emerg Med. 2011 Jun; 40(6):687-95. Anderson KL, Patel CV, Vaca F, Anderson CL, Mendoza R, Barton RL, Lekawa ME, Hoonpongsimanont W, Lotfipour S. PMID: 19748200.
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    100. Elevated serum pancreatic enzyme levels after hemorrhagic shock predict organ failure and death. J Trauma. 2009 Sep; 67(3):445-9. Malinoski DJ, Hadjizacharia P, Salim A, Kim H, Dolich MO, Cinat M, Barrios C, Lekawa ME, Hoyt DB. PMID: 19741384.
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    101. Successful management of occult pneumothorax without tube thoracostomy despite positive pressure ventilation. Am Surg. 2008 Oct; 74(10):958-61. Barrios C, Tran T, Malinoski D, Lekawa M, Dolich M, Lush S, Hoyt D, Cinat ME. PMID: 18942622.
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    102. Sperm granuloma of the inguinal vas deferens mimicking recurrent incarcerated inguinal hernia. Urology. 2007 Jun; 69(6):1209.e1-3. Deane LA, Suding PN, Lekawa ME, Narula N, McDougall EM. PMID: 17572223.
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    103. Posttraumatic paradoxical fat embolism to the brain: a case report. J Trauma. 2005 Feb; 58(2):372-4. Nastanski F, Gordon WI, Lekawa ME. PMID: 15706203.
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    104. Frameless stereotaxy to facilitate anterolateral thoracolumbar surgery: technique. Neurosurgery. 2005 Jan; 56(1 Suppl):110-6; discussion 110-6. Chappell ET, Pare L, Dolich MO, Lekawa ME, Salepour M. PMID: 15799798.
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    105. Serial abdominal closure technique (the "SAC" procedure): a novel method for delayed closure of the abdominal wall. Am Surg. 2003 Feb; 69(2):102-5. Kafie FE, Tessier DJ, Williams RA, Podnos YD, Cinat M, Lekawa M, Wilson SE. PMID: 12641347.
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    106. Nosocomial infections in the surgical intensive care unit: a difference between trauma and surgical patients. Am Surg. 1999 Oct; 65(10):987-90. Wallace WC, Cinat M, Gornick WB, Lekawa ME, Wilson SE. PMID: 10515549.
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    107. Pedestrian-motor vehicle trauma: an analysis of injury profiles by age. J Am Coll Surg. 1996 Jan; 182(1):17-23. Kong LB, Lekawa M, Navarro RA, McGrath J, Cohen M, Margulies DR, Hiatt JR. PMID: 8542084.
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    108. The laparoscopic learning curve. Surg Laparosc Endosc. 1995 Dec; 5(6):455-8. Lekawa M, Shapiro SJ, Gordon LA, Rothbart J, Hiatt JR. PMID: 8611992.
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    109. Surgical intensive care in the nonagenarian. No basis for age discrimination. Arch Surg. 1993 Jul; 128(7):753-6; discussion 756-8. Margulies DR, Lekawa ME, Bjerke HS, Hiatt JR, Shabot MM. PMID: 8317956.
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