Klemens J Hertel

Title(s)Professor, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address1001 Health Sciences Road
Irvine CA 92697-3950
Phone(949) 824-2127, 42128, 42129
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-7560-9529 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of Colorado, BoulderPhD12/1993Biochemistry
    Albert-Ludwig-Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, GermanyVordiplom07/1988Physikalische Chemie
    Colorado College, Colorado SpringsBA06/1986Biology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    With the completion of the human genome project, it has become clear that the sheer number of genes cannot account for the complexity of the human proteome. Among several proposed mechanisms, alternative pre-mRNA splicing is considered to be one of the most efficient and widespread avenues to generate multiple protein isoforms from individual genes. Current estimates indicate that over 90% of all human genes undergo alternative splicing, thus greatly increasing the coding potential of our genome. In addition, defects in splicing have been linked with a variety of human genetic diseases. Understanding the basic mechanisms of pre-mRNA splicing and splice site recognition is therefore fundamental to understanding the expression of genes and human diseases. Research in the Hertel laboratory focuses on elucidating the mechanisms of splice site selection with the long-term goal of generating a splicing code that permits alternative splicing predictions based on sequence analysis. We are taking several biochemical and computational approaches (1) to determine the mechanisms whereby the binding location of splicing regulatory proteins positively or negatively influence exon recognition, (2) to derive methods to determine if single nucleotide changes elicit differences in exon selection and inclusion, and (3) to test the hypothesis that aberrant expression of splicing regulators triggers cancer-specific alternative splicing. Our long-term goals are to use the knowledge of splice-site recognition mechanisms to classify intronic and exonic mutations, thus paving the way for the design of therapeutic approaches to combat splicing-associated disease.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Regulation and impact of alternative splicing in biology and disease
    NIH R35GM145254Aug 9, 2022 - Jun 30, 2027
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Description: This project describes a research program focused on understanding alternative splicing from a systems biology point of view. The ultimate goal is to establish how alternative splicing can affect mRNA function and turnover.
    Tracking Gene Expression Dynamics from Transcription to Degradation
    NIH R01GM110244Mar 1, 2015 - Aug 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Coordinated regulation of alternative pre-mRNA processing in colon cancer
    NIH R01CA177651May 1, 2014 - Oct 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The role of alternative pre-mRNA splicing in breast cancer progression
    NIH R21CA149548Jun 1, 2010 - May 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Genomic Analysis of Alternative Splice-Site Selection
    NIH R21GM079413Mar 12, 2007 - Feb 28, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mechanisms of Enhancer Dependent SpliceSite Activation
    NIH R01GM062287Feb 1, 2001 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Splice site proximity influences alternative exon definition. RNA Biol. 2022 01; 19(1):829-840. Carranza F, Shenasa H, Hertel KJ. PMID: 35723015; PMCID: PMC9225289.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    2. The influence of 4-thiouridine labeling on pre-mRNA splicing outcomes. PLoS One. 2021; 16(12):e0257503. Altieri JAC, Hertel KJ. PMID: 34898625; PMCID: PMC8668116.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    3. Publisher Correction: Transcriptomic and proteomic signatures of stemness and differentiation in the colon crypt. Commun Biol. 2020 Sep 03; 3(1):495. Habowski AN, Flesher JL, Bates JM, Tsai CF, Martin K, Zhao R, Ganesan AK, Edwards RA, Shi T, Wiley HS, Shi Y, Hertel KJ, Waterman ML. PMID: 32884070; PMCID: PMC7471919.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    4. Transcriptomic and proteomic signatures of stemness and differentiation in the colon crypt. Commun Biol. 2020 08 19; 3(1):453. Habowski AN, Flesher JL, Bates JM, Tsai CF, Martin K, Zhao R, Ganesan AK, Edwards RA, Shi T, Wiley HS, Shi Y, Hertel KJ, Waterman ML. PMID: 32814826; PMCID: PMC7438495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18  Translation:AnimalsCells
    5. Allosteric regulation of U1 snRNP by splicing regulatory proteins controls spliceosomal assembly. RNA. 2020 10; 26(10):1389-1399. Shenasa H, Movassat M, Forouzmand E, Hertel KJ. PMID: 32522889; PMCID: PMC7491332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    6. Ultra-deep sequencing reveals pre-mRNA splicing as a sequence driven high-fidelity process. PLoS One. 2019; 14(10):e0223132. Reynolds DJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 31581208; PMCID: PMC6776343.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    7. Exon size and sequence conservation improves identification of splice-altering nucleotides. RNA. 2019 12; 25(12):1793-1805. Movassat M, Forouzmand E, Reese F, Hertel KJ. PMID: 31554659; PMCID: PMC6859846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    8. Combinatorial regulation of alternative splicing. Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech. 2019 Nov - Dec; 1862(11-12):194392. Shenasa H, Hertel KJ. PMID: 31276857; PMCID: PMC9640221.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    9. Pancreatic pericytes originate from the embryonic pancreatic mesenchyme. Dev Biol. 2019 05 01; 449(1):14-20. Harari N, Sakhneny L, Khalifa-Malka L, Busch A, Hertel KJ, Hebrok M, Landsman L. PMID: 30771302; PMCID: PMC9728144.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    10. Molecular Mechanisms for CFIm-Mediated Regulation of mRNA Alternative Polyadenylation. Mol Cell. 2018 01 04; 69(1):62-74.e4. Zhu Y, Wang X, Forouzmand E, Jeong J, Qiao F, Sowd GA, Engelman AN, Xie X, Hertel KJ, Shi Y. PMID: 29276085; PMCID: PMC5756121.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 98     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    11. Isolation of Newly Transcribed RNA Using the Metabolic Label 4-Thiouridine. Methods Mol Biol. 2017; 1648:169-176. Garibaldi A, Carranza F, Hertel KJ. PMID: 28766297; PMCID: PMC5783291.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    12. Preparation of Splicing Competent Nuclear Extract from Mammalian Cells and In Vitro Pre-mRNA Splicing Assay. Methods Mol Biol. 2017; 1648:11-26. Movassat M, Shenasa H, Hertel KJ. PMID: 28766286; PMCID: PMC5972008.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    13. Release of SR Proteins from CLK1 by SRPK1: A Symbiotic Kinase System for Phosphorylation Control of Pre-mRNA Splicing. Mol Cell. 2016 07 21; 63(2):218-228. Aubol BE, Wu G, Keshwani MM, Movassat M, Fattet L, Hertel KJ, Fu XD, Adams JA. PMID: 27397683; PMCID: PMC4941815.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    14. Coupling between alternative polyadenylation and alternative splicing is limited to terminal introns. RNA Biol. 2016 07 02; 13(7):646-55. Movassat M, Crabb TL, Busch A, Yao C, Reynolds DJ, Shi Y, Hertel KJ. PMID: 27245359; PMCID: PMC4962795.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    15. The Silent Sway of Splicing by Synonymous Substitutions. J Biol Chem. 2015 Nov 13; 290(46):27700-11. Mueller WF, Larsen LS, Garibaldi A, Hatfield GW, Hertel KJ. PMID: 26424794; PMCID: PMC4646019.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    16. Splicing predictions reliably classify different types of alternative splicing. RNA. 2015 May; 21(5):813-23. Busch A, Hertel KJ. PMID: 25805853; PMCID: PMC4408789.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. The TCF C-clamp DNA binding domain expands the Wnt transcriptome via alternative target recognition. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014 Dec 16; 42(22):13615-32. Hoverter NP, Zeller MD, McQuade MM, Garibaldi A, Busch A, Selwan EM, Hertel KJ, Baldi P, Waterman ML. PMID: 25414359; PMCID: PMC4267635.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    18. Dicer regulates differentiation and viability during mouse pancreatic cancer initiation. PLoS One. 2014; 9(5):e95486. Morris JP, Greer R, Russ HA, von Figura G, Kim GE, Busch A, Lee J, Hertel KJ, Kim S, McManus M, Hebrok M. PMID: 24788257; PMCID: PMC4006805.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    19. The chromatin regulator Brg1 suppresses formation of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Nat Cell Biol. 2014 Mar; 16(3):255-67. von Figura G, Fukuda A, Roy N, Liku ME, Morris Iv JP, Kim GE, Russ HA, Firpo MA, Mulvihill SJ, Dawson DW, Ferrer J, Mueller WF, Busch A, Hertel KJ, Hebrok M. PMID: 24561622; PMCID: PMC4684081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 92     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    20. Kinetic analysis of in vitro pre-mRNA splicing in HeLa nuclear extract. Methods Mol Biol. 2014; 1126:161-8. Mueller WF, Hertel KJ. PMID: 24549663; PMCID: PMC4688299.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    21. Preparation of splicing competent nuclear extracts. Methods Mol Biol. 2014; 1126:117-21. Webb CH, Hertel KJ. PMID: 24549659; PMCID: PMC4501576.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. In vitro assay of pre-mRNA splicing in mammalian nuclear extract. Methods Mol Biol. 2014; 1126:151-60. Movassat M, Mueller WF, Hertel KJ. PMID: 24549662; PMCID: PMC4688300.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    23. Position-dependent splicing activation and repression by SR and hnRNP proteins rely on common mechanisms. RNA. 2013 Jan; 19(1):96-102. Erkelenz S, Mueller WF, Evans MS, Busch A, Schöneweis K, Hertel KJ, Schaal H. PMID: 23175589; PMCID: PMC3527730.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 113     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. HEXEvent: a database of Human EXon splicing Events. Nucleic Acids Res. 2013 Jan; 41(Database issue):D118-24. Busch A, Hertel KJ. PMID: 23118488; PMCID: PMC3531206.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Extensive regulation of NAGNAG alternative splicing: new tricks for the spliceosome? Genome Biol. 2012 Feb 22; 13(2):143. Busch A, Hertel KJ. PMID: 22356731; PMCID: PMC3334559.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    26. Evolution of SR protein and hnRNP splicing regulatory factors. Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA. 2012 Jan-Feb; 3(1):1-12. Busch A, Hertel KJ. PMID: 21898828; PMCID: PMC3235224.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 197     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    27. Efficient internal exon recognition depends on near equal contributions from the 3' and 5' splice sites. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Nov 01; 39(20):8928-37. Shepard PJ, Choi EA, Busch A, Hertel KJ. PMID: 21795381; PMCID: PMC3203598.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. Complex and dynamic landscape of RNA polyadenylation revealed by PAS-Seq. RNA. 2011 Apr; 17(4):761-72. Shepard PJ, Choi EA, Lu J, Flanagan LA, Hertel KJ, Shi Y. PMID: 21343387; PMCID: PMC3062186.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 255     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    29. SR proteins induce alternative exon skipping through their activities on the flanking constitutive exons. Mol Cell Biol. 2011 Feb; 31(4):793-802. Han J, Ding JH, Byeon CW, Kim JH, Hertel KJ, Jeong S, Fu XD. PMID: 21135118; PMCID: PMC3028638.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    30. G Run-mediated recognition of proteolipid protein and DM20 5' splice sites by U1 small nuclear RNA is regulated by context and proximity to the splice site. J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 11; 286(6):4059-71. Wang E, Mueller WF, Hertel KJ, Cambi F. PMID: 21127064; PMCID: PMC3039333.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    31. Retention of spliceosomal components along ligated exons ensures efficient removal of multiple introns. RNA. 2010 Sep; 16(9):1786-96. Crabb TL, Lam BJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 20610656; PMCID: PMC2924538.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    32. Embracing the complexity of pre-mRNA splicing. Cell Res. 2010 Aug; 20(8):866-8. Shepard PJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 20603640; PMCID: PMC3912182.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    33. Competing upstream 5' splice sites enhance the rate of proximal splicing. Mol Cell Biol. 2010 Apr; 30(8):1878-86. Hicks MJ, Mueller WF, Shepard PJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 20123971; PMCID: PMC2849477.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    34. Restoration of full-length SMN promoted by adenoviral vectors expressing RNA antisense oligonucleotides embedded in U7 snRNAs. PLoS One. 2009 Dec 08; 4(12):e8204. Geib T, Hertel KJ. PMID: 19997596; PMCID: PMC2781471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    35. Spliceosomes walk the line: splicing errors and their impact on cellular function. RNA Biol. 2009 Nov-Dec; 6(5):526-30. Hsu SN, Hertel KJ. PMID: 19829058; PMCID: PMC3912188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    36. The SR protein family. Genome Biol. 2009; 10(10):242. Shepard PJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 19857271; PMCID: PMC2784316.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 203     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    37. Identification of a novel nuclear localization signal and speckle-targeting sequence of tuftelin-interacting protein 11, a splicing factor involved in spliceosome disassembly. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Dec 18; 390(3):1044-50. Tannukit S, Crabb TL, Hertel KJ, Wen X, Jans DA, Paine ML. PMID: 19857462; PMCID: PMC2787706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    38. Dangerous play--splitting the message may leave you empty handed. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2009 Sep; 16(9):907-8. Klaue Y, Hertel KJ. PMID: 19739289.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    39. Splice-site pairing is an intrinsically high fidelity process. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 10; 106(6):1766-71. Fox-Walsh KL, Hertel KJ. PMID: 19179398; PMCID: PMC2644112.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    40. Spliceosome assembly pathways for different types of alternative splicing converge during commitment to splice site pairing in the A complex. Mol Cell Biol. 2009 Feb; 29(4):1072-82. Kotlajich MV, Crabb TL, Hertel KJ. PMID: 19064642; PMCID: PMC2643811.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    41. Death by splicing: tumor suppressor RBM5 freezes splice-site pairing. Mol Cell. 2008 Oct 24; 32(2):162-4. Kotlajich MV, Hertel KJ. PMID: 18951082.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    42. Conserved RNA secondary structures promote alternative splicing. RNA. 2008 Aug; 14(8):1463-9. Shepard PJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 18579871; PMCID: PMC2491482.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 83     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    43. Combinatorial control of exon recognition. J Biol Chem. 2008 Jan 18; 283(3):1211-5. Hertel KJ. PMID: 18024426.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 113     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    44. The splicing regulators Tra and Tra2 are unusually potent activators of pre-mRNA splicing. Nucleic Acids Res. 2006; 34(22):6612-20. Sciabica KS, Hertel KJ. PMID: 17135210; PMCID: PMC1747189.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Genomic splice-site analysis reveals frequent alternative splicing close to the dominant splice site. RNA. 2006 Dec; 12(12):2047-56. Dou Y, Fox-Walsh KL, Baldi PF, Hertel KJ. PMID: 17053087; PMCID: PMC1664720.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    46. Linking splicing to Pol II transcription stabilizes pre-mRNAs and influences splicing patterns. PLoS Biol. 2006 Jun; 4(6):e147. Hicks MJ, Yang CR, Kotlajich MV, Hertel KJ. PMID: 16640457; PMCID: PMC1450099.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    47. Analyzing mechanisms of alternative pre-mRNA splicing using in vitro splicing assays. Methods. 2005 Dec; 37(4):306-13. Hicks MJ, Lam BJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 16314259.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    48. The architecture of pre-mRNAs affects mechanisms of splice-site pairing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 08; 102(45):16176-81. Fox-Walsh KL, Dou Y, Lam BJ, Hung SP, Baldi PF, Hertel KJ. PMID: 16260721; PMCID: PMC1283478.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 147     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    49. Correction of SMN2 Pre-mRNA splicing by antisense U7 small nuclear RNAs. Mol Ther. 2005 Dec; 12(6):1013-22. Madocsai C, Lim SR, Geib T, Lam BJ, Hertel KJ. PMID: 16226920.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    50. Extended base pair complementarity between U1 snRNA and the 5' splice site does not inhibit splicing in higher eukaryotes, but rather increases 5' splice site recognition. Nucleic Acids Res. 2005; 33(16):5112-9. Freund M, Hicks MJ, Konermann C, Otte M, Hertel KJ, Schaal H. PMID: 16155183; PMCID: PMC1201333.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    51. Serine/arginine-rich protein-dependent suppression of exon skipping by exonic splicing enhancers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Apr 05; 102(14):5002-7. Ibrahim EC, Schaal TD, Hertel KJ, Reed R, Maniatis T. PMID: 15753297; PMCID: PMC555999.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 64     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    52. RS domains contact the pre-mRNA throughout spliceosome assembly. Trends Biochem Sci. 2005 Mar; 30(3):115-8. Hertel KJ, Graveley BR. PMID: 15752982.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 55     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    53. Commitment to splice site pairing coincides with A complex formation. Mol Cell. 2004 Aug 13; 15(3):477-83. Lim SR, Hertel KJ. PMID: 15304226.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    54. Enhancer-dependent 5'-splice site control of fruitless pre-mRNA splicing. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 20; 278(25):22740-7. Lam BJ, Bakshi A, Ekinci FY, Webb J, Graveley BR, Hertel KJ. PMID: 12646561; PMCID: PMC2386364.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    55. The role of U2AF35 and U2AF65 in enhancer-dependent splicing. RNA. 2001 Jun; 7(6):806-18. Graveley BR, Hertel KJ, Maniatis T. PMID: 11421359; PMCID: PMC1370132.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 63     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    56. Serine-arginine (SR)-rich splicing factors have an exon-independent function in pre-mRNA splicing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 16; 96(6):2651-5. Hertel KJ, Maniatis T. PMID: 10077565; PMCID: PMC15823.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    57. SR proteins are 'locators' of the RNA splicing machinery. Curr Biol. 1999 Jan 14; 9(1):R6-7. Graveley BR, Hertel KJ, Maniatis T. PMID: 9889128.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    58. A systematic analysis of the factors that determine the strength of pre-mRNA splicing enhancers. EMBO J. 1998 Nov 16; 17(22):6747-56. Graveley BR, Hertel KJ, Maniatis T. PMID: 9822617; PMCID: PMC1171020.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 84     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    59. The function of multisite splicing enhancers. Mol Cell. 1998 Feb; 1(3):449-55. Hertel KJ, Maniatis T. PMID: 9660929.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 52     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    60. Common themes in the function of transcription and splicing enhancers. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1997 Jun; 9(3):350-7. Hertel KJ, Lynch KW, Maniatis T. PMID: 9159075.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    61. Structural and functional conservation of the Drosophila doublesex splicing enhancer repeat elements. RNA. 1996 Oct; 2(10):969-81. Hertel KJ, Lynch KW, Hsiao EC, Liu EH, Maniatis T. PMID: 8849774; PMCID: PMC1369430.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    62. Specificity of hammerhead ribozyme cleavage. EMBO J. 1996 Jul 15; 15(14):3751-7. Hertel KJ, Herschlag D, Uhlenbeck OC. PMID: 8670879; PMCID: PMC452045.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    63. Inhibition of the hammerhead ribozyme by neomycin. RNA. 1995 Mar; 1(1):95-101. Stage TK, Hertel KJ, Uhlenbeck OC. PMID: 7489494; PMCID: PMC1369065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    64. A kinetic and thermodynamic framework for the hammerhead ribozyme reaction. Biochemistry. 1994 Mar 22; 33(11):3374-85. Hertel KJ, Herschlag D, Uhlenbeck OC. PMID: 8136375.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 80     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    65. Numbering system for the hammerhead. Nucleic Acids Res. 1992 Jun 25; 20(12):3252. Hertel KJ, Pardi A, Uhlenbeck OC, Koizumi M, Ohtsuka E, Uesugi S, Cedergren R, Eckstein F, Gerlach WL, Hodgson R, et al. PMID: 1620624; PMCID: PMC312468.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 93     Fields:    Translation:Cells
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